Homabay County has emerged as a beacon of success in the fight against HIV, with a remarkable decline in prevalence, significant drops in new infections and HIV-related deaths, and a robust treatment program contributing to positive outcomes and lives saved, underscoring the benefit of collective efforts and resilience in addressing the challenges of the HIV pandemic.

The County has achieved significant progress in various HIV program indicators. The current HIV prevalence in the County is 15.2% (2023 estimates), down from over 23% a decade ago, reflecting consistent advancements in interventions. New HIV infections have steadily declined from 15,757 in 2013 to 1,495 in 2022. Increasing awareness of HIV status and improved treatment adherence are notable achievements.

Over the years, HIV-related deaths in Homabay County have significantly reduced, with 1,260 people reported in the 2022 estimates, down from 4,867 in 2013, credited to a successful treatment program. Anti-retroviral therapy has played a pivotal role in extending lives and ensuring the health and productivity of those living with HIV. With 125,720 people on treatment as of December 2022, the County continues to witness positive treatment outcomes and lives being saved.

This positive trajectory underscores the crucial role of collective efforts and determination in addressing the challenges posed by HIV. Homabay County exemplifies resilience in the face of a complex and life-threatening pandemic. While progress has been made in reducing new HIV infections, there remains a disproportionate impact on women, with young people contributing significantly to new cases. The County also faces geographical disparities.

Achieving an HIV-free generation in Homabay County and Kenya hinges mainly on the success of preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. With a 5.3% PMTCT rate, Homabay County is slightly below the target but demonstrates optimism in the overall HIV response.